¿Qué hace orgánico a un producto?

What makes a product organic?


Organic agriculture is the natural way of carrying out primary activities, and it was already applied by various native peoples with many centuries of agricultural tradition. However, in the 1920s a modern conception of this alternative system began, which needed to be differentiated from the intensive one, since after the First World War the use of chemical products that were initially used for war purposes intensified. such as nitrogenous derivatives, for the manufacture of explosives and that later, due to lack of demand, the industry set its sights on the production of nitrogenous fertilizers for intensive food production, many of which are still used to date.

50 years after this, various initiatives arose that promoted organic products that came from farm fields where, due to poverty or exploitation, fertilizers could not be accessed. In this way, they decided to give added value to this product, arguing its differentiation and its environmental benefit, since they did not contaminate the land with external agents and also promoted the reforestation of their environments with endemic plants.

Organic products are those that in their process optimize local natural resources without the use of chemicals or genetically modified organisms.

As defined by the FAO in 1999, "What distinguishes organic agriculture is that almost all synthetic inputs are prohibited and crop rotation is mandatory to strengthen the soil."

The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement (IFOAM), an international body accredited by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) since 1997, defines organic agriculture as "a production system that maintains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It is based on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved."

In organic products, the work of the peasants is always present, who take greater care of the ecosystems to improve their production, so we cannot separate the social and community effort from this practice; unlike the conventional one, where genetic manipulation, the felling of areas destined for cultivation and the incorporation of machinery that replaces the labor of peasants is a growing practice. The main difference between both products goes beyond what the laws and regulations indicate.

The production of organic and sustainable products has to do with the reincorporation of the human being into the ecosystem. 

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